Radiation Protection Manual

Radiation Protection Manual



 



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File : pdf, 1.95 MB, 175 pages



TOC



Chapter 1. Organization of USACE Radiation Protection Program.

Purpose

Applicability

Policy

Management Commitment,Involvement, and Leadership

Scope

Overview of this Manual



Chapter 2. Personnel Responsibilities and Qualifications.



Chapter 3. Introduction to Radiation.

Atomic Structure

Radioactive Decay

Activity

Decay Law

Types of Ionizing

Radiation

Interaction of Radiation With Matter

Human Health Effects

Determinants of Dose

Background Radiation

Radiation Quantities

Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

Ways to Minimize Exposure

Standing Operating Procedures

Monitoring and Surveying Equipment



Chapter 4.  Licensing.

Overview of Regulatory Agencies

Types of NRC Radioactive Material Licenses

‘Storage Only’ Licensing

Radiation Generating Devices

Reciprocity Requirements

Army Radiation Authorization

Army Radiation Permits and Other Service Installation Permits

Applying for an NRC License

Applying for an ARA

Amendment Requests

Renewing Licenses or ARAs

Transfer of Radioactive Materials

Terminating a Radioactive Material License or ARAs

Information Flow through Applicable USACE Channels



Chapter 5.  Dose Limits and ALARA.

Occupational Dose Limit Structure

USACE Dose Limits

NRC and Agreement State Dose Limits

OSHA Dose Limits

Monitoring requirements

Doses to the Public



Chapter 6.  Working with Radiation.

Caution Signs and Labels

Airborne Radioactivity

Rooms/Areas in Which Radioactive Material is No Longer Used or Stored

Receiving Radioactive Material

Radioactive Material and Radiation Generating Device Inventory

Storing Radioactive Material

Contamination Control

Wipe Tests

Leak Testing

Exposure Rate Surveys

Accident/Incident Response

Accident/Incident Reporting

Audits and Reviews



Chapter 7. Personnel Monitoring.

External Monitoring

Internal Monitoring

Advanced Monitoring

Exposure Reporting



Chapter 8. Transportation of Radioactive Material.

Purpose

Applicability

Regulations

Procedures

Packaging

Marking

Labeling

Placarding

Manifesting

Hazardous Waste Manifesting

Emergency Response Information

Hazmat Employee Training

Exceptions



Chapter 9. Waste Management.

Regulation of Radioactive Wastes

Low Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW)

Elements of a Waste Management Program

Material Tracking

Waste Minimization

Waste Recycling

Waste Storage

Waste Disposal

Radionuclide Concentrations



Chapter 10. Laser Safety.

Classifications of Lasers

Safety features and Labeling Requirements

Laser Protection Program

OSHA Standards

USACE Standards

Protective Eyewear



Chapter 11. Radio Frequency (RF) and Microwave Safety.

DA Limits

USACE Limits

OSHA Regulations

General Guidance

Warning Signs

RF Safety Training




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